Where does the American ginseng sold in China come from?

Ginseng, a bitter root looks like a carrot is a crop well known for its medical value in oriental world, especially in China. Chinese traditional medicine has regarded ginseng as one of the most valuable herbs for centuries, and has been using it to enhance the energy of the body and to cure ailments like fatigue and cold. It is also believed that ginseng can slow down the speed of people getting older.

Wisconsin ginseng has higher medical value in the eye of Chinese traditional medicine, than the ones produced in the other part of the world. The ginseng grown in Wisconsin contains on average much higher levels of ginsenoside, the active and valuable ingredient in ginseng, than the ones from Canada and China, the main competitors in the global ginseng market.

Marathon County, which is part of Wausau, located in the central part of Wisconsin has been producing the largest amount of ginseng in the world. The hills with rock, the granite to aid drainage and the topsoil rich in minerals and nutrients give the crop its desired characteristics. Wisconsin produces 95% of the nation’s ginseng by pounds. Marathon County produces about 85% of that.

In 2008, Ginseng Board of Wisconsin signed a deal with Beijing Tong Ren Tang Health Pharmaceutical Company (TRT Health), a company with a 400-year history, and about 1,000 drugstores in China, to distribute genuine Wisconsin ginseng in the country. The Chinese drugstore giant is now the exclusive Chinese dealer for the Ginseng Board of Wisconsin, the only one that could use the “Wisconsin Seal”, certifying that the ginsengs are 100 percent Wisconsin grown.

Let’s start a journey following the ginseng to see where it comes from!

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Check out more pictures of ginseng on Flickr.

About Yifei Liu
I am a senior research assistant at International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). I received a master’s degree in journalism from UW-Madison with a focus on international and economic reporting in 2011 and a B.A in journalism from Renmin University of China in 2009. I am now living in Alexandria, VA.

2 Responses to Where does the American ginseng sold in China come from?

  1. Pingback: TIENCHI GINSENG | Find Me A Cure

  2. Pingback: American Ginseng | Critical Survival

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